The arterial structural extension is important to regulate the flow of blood, oxygen, and tissue matter in the human body. Vascular health is directly related to the baseline blood pressure of the circulatory system, which ensures a healthy heart. The endothelial layer of the vessels is the one that bears the tension of blood. Therefore, vascular elasticity provides a passive state to the blood flow from the heart to the peripheral sites in the human body.
Causes of vascular elasticity
Maintaining blood vessels‘ required strength and physical integrity is important to carry on a healthy circulatory system. Reports depict severe adversities associated with loss of elasticity can cause about a 15% increase in the risk of hypertensive commodities. A vascular dysfunction concerned with vascular elasticity is caused by plaque buildup in the arterial lining. Plaque is the deposition of material like fat, cholesterol, calcium, and cellular waste. Other important factors which are major contributors that have a direct effect on the structural efficacy of vessels are:
- Oxidative stress
Atherosclerosis is a vascular complication significantly observed when arterial walls thicken and lose elasticity. People of older age are often found to be experiencing this vascular condition. If one wants to increase vascular elasticity, certain life practices are recommended, which are as follows:
- Light-weight cardio exercises
- Bicycling and workout
- Aerobic exercises
- Proper diet to avoid hypertension
- Restricted sodium intake
- Intake of vitamin K1 and D
Consequences of vascular stiffness
Arteries considered healthy are elastic and flexible, like the coronary arteries. Vascular blood viscosity, vessel length, and vessel diameter affect blood vessels with poor elasticity and stiffness. This can lead to severities like vascular inflammation, cardiovascular abnormalities, heart failure, vasculature, etc., either from structural dilation or functional issues of the blood vessels. Blood pressure and hydraulic impedance are recognized to be the major causative factors for a poorly operating circulatory system.
Peripheral arterial and venous diseases are the two most common vascular diseases subjected in people because of vessel dysfunction and irregular blood flow. Vascular elasticity is a progressive issue that can result in mild to acute vascular complications at any age, with arterial thickening and hardening augmented to be the pioneer causes of loss of vascular elasticity.