Vascular Neurology

What is Vascular Neurology?

A specialized branch of neurology that deals with the blood vessels of the brain and spinal cord is called vascular neurology. It focuses on diagnosing, treating, and researching the disorders related to these blood vessels. The vascular system consists of arteries, veins, and capillaries that transport blood throughout the human body but in the context of neurology, the primary concern is the cerebrovascular system. Any disorder affecting the cerebrovascular system can pose a serious threat to the body with several neurological consequences. These disorders primarily include the following conditions:


It is the most common disorder of the neurological system. Stroke occurs when the blood flow is interrupted to any part of the brain resulting in reduced blood flow and oxygen. There are two major types of strokes.

  • Ischemic stroke: It is caused by the blockage in the artery supplying blood to the brain. This leads to a build-up of clots or plaque, reducing the blood flow.
  • Hemorrhagic stroke: It is caused when a blood vessel in the blood ruptures leading to excessive bleeding within the cranial cavity, in or around the brain.

Transient Ischemic Attack

TIA often termed as a mini-stroke, is caused by a temporary decrease in the blood supply to any part of the brain mainly due to a blood clot.

Cerebral Aneurysms

Aneurysms are abnormal balloon-shaped bulges within the walls of the blood vessels of the brain. Rupturing of a cerebral aneurysm leads to a life-threatening hemorrhage stroke.

Cerebral Vasculitis

It is the inflammation of the blood vessels within the brain. This condition can be potentially alarming and requires proper medical interventions.

Vascular neurologists

Chronic or acute conditions related to vascular neurology are treated by vascular neurologists. Vascular neurologists are stroke experts and also have expertise as well as specialized training in managing other uncommon cerebrovascular disorders. They are even trained to address traumatic or acquired brain injuries. Vascular neurologists use advanced techniques such as CT Scans, MRI, Doppler ultrasounds, and EEG tests to identify and locate vascular abnormalities.

Importance of Vascular Neurology

Vascular neurology is a significant specialty dedicated to handling and treating disorders of the brain and related blood vessels. The expertise of vascular neurologists in comprehensive management has always been pivotal. To enhance outcomes and the overall quality of life of different patients. Due to an increase in the number of individuals seeking help in vascular neurology, the specific advancements in medical technology cannot be overstated.