Diabetes and Foot Care

Diabetes and Foot Care: Role of Podiatrists

Diabetes is a chronic condition affecting a percentage of individuals worldwide. Diabetes demands extensive care to manage its various complications. Diabetic patients not only deal with the underlying condition but also with several complications that arise with diabetes. Foot problems rank high on the list of major complications. Insufficient diabetes management is vital in causing foot damage in several ways. Major foot problems that arise with diabetes are due to neuropathy and sensory loss within the feet.

Elevated blood glucose levels cause severe nerve damage and vessel blockage, especially within the lower extremities, limiting blood circulation and sensation in the feet. This condition is termed as peripheral neuropathy. Patients become more prone to chronic foot infections, inflammations, and ulcers due to loss of sensation and poor healing – if not properly managed, it can even lead to amputation. For diabetic patients, foot care is as crucial as managing diabetes, and podiatrists play a crucial role in providing preventive measures to avoid foot-related complications.

The Role of Podiatrists in Diabetic Foot Care

Regular Foot Examinations: Podiatrists conduct detailed foot examinations, assess skin and nail health, and detect abnormalities. Regular follow-ups help to identify potential issues early on, preventing the progression of foot complications.

Education on Foot Care Practices: Podiatrists educate diabetic patients on proper foot care practices, highlighting the importance of daily examinations, keeping feet clean and moisturized, and choosing appropriate footwear to prevent injuries.

Custom Orthotics and Footwear Advice: To manage diabetic feet, podiatrists may prescribe custom orthotic devices to support and reduce pressure on specific foot areas. Additionally, they offer advice on choosing footwear that minimizes the risk of ulcers and irritation.

Wound Care and Infection Management: In case of a foot wound or infection, podiatrists are skilled in wound care and infection management. They use advanced techniques to enable healing and prevent the spread of infections.

Coordination with the Healthcare Team: Podiatrists coordinate with other doctors involved in diabetes management to ensure a great approach to care. Podiatrists, alongside other healthcare professionals, can create a proper treatment plan considering the multifaceted aspects of diabetes and its impact on foot health.

Diabetes and Foot Care

For diabetic patients, proactive foot care is a necessity. Podiatrists play a key role in preventing, diagnosing, and managing foot complications associated with diabetes. Moreover, these actions are performed through regular examinations, education, and specialized interventions. Podiatrists significantly contribute to improving the mobility and overall quality of an individual’s life with diabetes. Prioritizing foot health in diabetes management is an important step towards a healthier and more active life.